3 Most Common Home Electrical Wiring Problems
Electricity is an important component of the American way of life. Yet, harnessing it in the wrong way could lead to fire, shocks, injuries, or death. That’s why you have to ensure that your home electrical wiring is done well. Home electrical fires are responsible for an estimated 51,000 fires each year. They also cause about 500 deaths and over 1,400 injuries. The cost of property damage goes as high as $1.3 billion. Despite its massive impact, people don’t bother to learn about electrical safety. They don’t know about electrical overloads, outlet safety, or circuit breakers. Understanding how your home electrical wiring is set up can keep your family safe. Keep reading to discover the common wiring issues.
Common Home Electrical Wiring Issues
In 2015, 6.4 percent of residential building fires happened because of an electrical malfunction. If people know about the status of their home electrical wiring, they can prevent these fires. Here are the three most common electrical wiring problems:
Not Having a Neutral Wire
All electrical connections must have a neutral wire. Its purpose is to act as a return line for currents. Currents flow from one point in the circuit and the neutral wire completes this circuit. It does this by allowing the current to return to the source. First, failing to have this wire breaks the law. Second, without this neutral wire, the circuit won’t be a complete or closed circuit. This is what allows it to work. The Alternating Current (AC) voltage in the US is 120VAC. The neutral wire has a grounding wire, which makes it have zero voltage. Thus, the lower volt potential allows the flow of the “hot” wire’s 120 volts to complete the circuit.
Lack of Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
If you are using electricity in a place with water, you need a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). Examples of such places include bathrooms, washing areas, and kitchens. The GFCI also goes by the other name Residual Current Device (RCD). The GFCI device stops electrical flow if there’s a difference in the current in the hot and neutral wires. The difference has to be approximately 5 milliamperes. These stops prevent fires and damage to wire insulation. If there’s also a sign that the current is not flowing in its usual path, the device will shut off the circuit. For instance, a person may become the path for the current. As such, this device also prevents electric shock. Electric shock causes burns, injuries, and cardiac arrest. Some of the injuries come from being forcefully thrown by the shock. It leads to abdominal pain, shortness of breath, and broken bones.
Poor Circuit Connections
For one reason or another, people end up having poor circuit connections. There could be bad wiring on the mains and on the circuit. Thus, you may find light bulbs flickering or burning out a lot. Such poor connections may also cause overheating. While safety devices may prevent excessive heat from becoming a problem, it is still a fire risk. Poor connections are also inefficient and lead to high electrical bills.
Learn More About Electrical Wiring
As you can see, it is crucial to have good connections in your home electrical wiring to prevent fire, property loss, injuries, shock, and loss of life. Though there are DIY electrical solutions, it is safer to call a qualified technician.
Contact us to learn more about electrical wiring.